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Show a picture of an old colonel and let the pupils describe the picture. (Here is an example picture, from http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-uj4BisQeqEQ/UXlxpNUIj_I/AAAAAAAAAWI/nQj6JB2dvKA/s1600/colcoco%2Bcopy.jpg)
Get learners to read the text below about “The Old Colonel”
a) Pupils first read the text on their own
b) Pupils read the text out loudly (together in class)
c) Pupils underline the verb forms in the text .
d) Collect answers together in plenary
The Old Colonel
I think I have had a very interesting life. I’m 73 now and I don’t work anymore. I was in the army for 51 years. I retired when I was 69. I have visited so many countries that I can’t remember all of them. I’ve travelled to Australia six or seven times and to South Africa three times. I have also been once to Russia but I didn’t like it at all: much too cold for me!
They say that love is the greatest thing and I agree. I’ve been married four times but never for more than five years. I don’t think women really understand me!
I’ve never been on television, but I’ve been on the radio once. It was a program about life in the military about twenty years ago. I met the Prime Minister on the same day. Actually, I’ve met a lot of famous people: members of the royal family, famous politicians and also famous cinema and television personalities. I’ve never shaken hands with the American President though which is a pity.
Because I’ve travelled a lot, I’ve seen a lot of wonderful things and have also eaten and I have drunk some strange foods and drinks. I ate cat and rat in India and drank something called Mirto on a little island in Italy many years ago.
As a class, write the most important points on the board – the following procedure is suggested:
a) teacher choses two examples and writes them on the board
b) pupils think about a rule “How to form the Present Perfect”
c) teacher underlines the examples (colors) to help them identify ‘have’ and past participle.
d) pupils try to explain “When to use the Present Perfect”
e) teacher writes the basic rule on the board (e.g. started in the past and continues to the present)
After this stage, the board should have the following information on it (which the learners can copy down into their notebooks)
- I have had a very interesting life
- I have met a lot of famous people
have/ has + Past Participle = Present Perfect
use: action or time period began in the past and still goes on (not finished)
Learners are given five pictures with two words underneath and have to create appropriate example sentences in the present perfect.
eat / burger
As a further productive task (can also be done as homework), learners can be asked to write 10 sentences about things they have and have never done in their lives.